This figure is equivalent to 86% of the grain shipped to the port area, while rail cargo accounts for 13%.


According to the Rosario Stock Exchange (BCR), in the soybean complex, of the 40 million tons expected to be produced in the 2021/22 season, the industry is expected to process a total of 36.5 million tons, including soybeans imported from neighboring countries, becoming the main focus of demand for Argentine soybean production.


Currently, 20 soybean and sunflower processing plants are located in the area of influence of the Greater Rosario Metropolitan Area, 12 of which have port facilities from which these products are shipped directly to buyers. In total, approximately 80% of the installed crushing capacity in Argentina is concentrated in the port-factory belt of Greater Rosario, some 165,800 t/day.


For the 2021/22 marketing year, Gran Rosario is expected to receive 31.2 million tons of soybean, only considering the grain of Argentine origin. Although this results in a drop of about 2.2 million tons in relation to what entered in the campaign that has just ended, as a result of the lower production at country level, the participation of Gran Rosario in the cargo flow would grow between campaigns, reaching a total close to 78% of the Argentine soybean production in 2021/22. 



Regarding the means of transport through which soybeans will enter the area, it is estimated that 86% of the merchandise will enter by truck, 13% by rail, with the remaining 1% by barge through the Paraná-Paraguay Waterway. .


The main means of transport used in the local grain trade is by truck: it is expected that 900,000 trucks of soybeans will be received for unloading at the port terminals of Gran Rosario, which totals some 27 million tons of merchandise income alone. through this medium.


Rail transport has been continuously gaining participation in recent years in Greater Rosario. Although the total volume of soybeans transported through the railway lines of Argentina has remained largely stable in recent years, there has been a notable increase in loads on the Belgrano and San Martín Lines, which supply the Greater Rosario with goods from the center and north of the country.


These lines saw their transported volumes increase in the last six years at a rate of 122% and 327%, respectively. The works carried out in recent years to connect the Belgrano Cargo with the ports of Timbúes stand out, where the plants with the highest processing capacity in the country are located.


Thus, the share of rail transport in soybean loads entering Greater Rosario went from representing an estimated 9% in the 2015/16 campaign, to representing 13% in 2020/21, in which it is estimated that it reached area through this medium of about 4.2 Mt of the oilseed.


BCR estimates indicate that the entry of merchandise to Greater Rosario through the railway may reach 4 million tons in the 2021/22 campaign, for which a 13% share of the total entered into the area would be maintained.

It is expected, in turn, that about 0.2 million tons will enter Gran Rosario through barges, unloading at one of the 13 terminals that have docks for this purpose in the agro-industrial-export node. Here we considered cargo unloaded by barge from the ports upstream of the Paraná River, mainly from the ports of Vilelas and Barranqueras in Chaco.